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Editorial: Timipre Sylva`s promise to sanitise the oil sector



By re-stating the federal government’s commitment to sanitizing the oil sector, the Minister of State for Petroleum Resources, Chief Timipre Sylva, was ironically pointing at the government’s own failure at identifying what is good for Nigeria and mustering the will to promote it, during the first four years of the Buhari administration. As the most notorious symbol of public corruption, it is a trite fact that the murky oil sector, symbolized by the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) is a national disgrace. That the NNPC operates like a parallel government, capitalizing on the nation’s dependence on oil to wantonly dictate the pulse of the federation, is a blunder in development that Nigerians have been saddled with for several decades. This unfortunate situation obviously cannot be in the public interest.

Speaking during a “Thank You” visit to his hometown in Okpoama, Nembe LGA in Bayelsa state, Sylva said part of his mission in the ministry is to halt massive crude oil losses and sanitize the oil industry. While bemoaning the loss of revenue to the federal government in crude oil bunkering, Sylva also announced that the government will promote vigorously an increase in oil production in the country. The former Bayelsa governor also promised to ensure the development of associated gas products in the oil industry so as to fully draw the benefits accruing therefrom to the country. He said: “First, we will need to sanitise the oil industry. I believe that we cannot condone losses in crude oil production. We must ensure zero losses. We must not lose any crude oil; we must also develop our abundance gas deposits in the sector and generally sanitise the sector.”

Sylva’s latest commitment was a mere restatement of all that Nigerians have heard before about a sector that, if properly developed and managed, can add immense economic value to the country, but over which little or nothing has been done. At the risk of stating the obvious, the repetitive expression of commitment by government, will neither sanitize nor diversify Nigeria’s mono-product economy. A number of fundamentals, including passage of the much-vaunted Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB) are vital to sanitizing the sector. And in this, as in all else, the buck will ultimately stop at the president’s desk.

It is disheartening to hear Sylva speaking bombastically about his commitment to sanitize the oil sector within the anomalous arrangement with President Buhari who re-appointed himself as the substantive Oil Minister. It is also needless to state the numerous direct and multiplier benefits of a developed and sustainable oil sector – as well, of course, as the harmful impact of the pervasive corruption that seems to have defeated every promise from previous administration to clean the Aegean stable. However, talk is cheap. It boggles the mind that there have been, for years, so much empty talk -seminars, workshops, conferences and numerous other talk-shops – but little has changed in the sector. It does not require any special skill to appreciate the enormity of the challenges in taking on the vested interests that maintain the status quo. What has been lacking is the wisdom and the political will to effect real change.

Alas, government appears to lack the sense of purpose that can drive the change needed to take on the corruption in the oil sector. In total violation of the fundamental principles of federalism and subsidiarity, the federal government has arrogated to itself the ownership of oil blocks in the federation. The 1999 Constitution puts “mines and minerals, including oil fields, oil mining, geological surveys and natural gas” under the Exclusive List granted to the Federal Government. Furthermore, the Nigerian Minerals and Mining Act, decrees that all lands in which minerals have been found in commercial quantities shall be acquired by the Federal Government in accordance with the Land Use Act.

The sad consequence of this unitary law is that oil producing states are denied direct and immediate benefits except as determined through derivation by the whims of a distant authority at the center. In specific terms, nothing indicates this faux pas better than the fiscal impropriety, irreconcilable accounting system, misappropriation and unauthorized diversion of public funds that characterizes the crude oil swap contracts. This situation defies logic and is out of tune with the way development-minded governments operate.

Over the years, there have been only token measures to holistically implement a plan that will benefit the national economy. Instead, the oil swap contracts and allocation of oil blocks has been for purposes of patronage through less than transparent procedures. Corruption in its many forms and at various levels has been a major obstacle. Politicians and well connected persons get contracts and are awarded licenses in collusion with foreign interests that carry on with scant regard for the local community. The result is environmental degradation and a severe damage to the livelihood of the people.

Some of these challenges are for the government to tackle.  In sum, to sanitize the oil sector is a task to which the new minister and other tiers of government and relevant agencies must commit themselves. The government must not allow a repeat of the bad experience when the immediate past Oil Minister of State, Dr. Ibe Kachikwu, who doubled as NNPC Group Managing Director, refused to provide specific responses to questions by lawmakers, regarding the execution of the oil swap program. Appearing before a House Committee investigating the offshore processing agreements (OPAs) and crude oil swaps between NNPC, its subsidiary, the Petroleum and Pipelines Marketing Company, (PPMC) and oil traders, Kachikwu was evasive when asked whether the companies which participated in the swaps were selected through a bidding process, and whether the program was in Nigeria’s best interest. He claimed ignorance, saying he was neither the minister nor GMD at the time the swap contracts were awarded.

Kachikwu had promised that when Nigeria starts operating its new Direct-Sale-Direct-Purchase (DSDP) crude oil arrangement next month, it will be able to net up to $1 billion through cost cutting measures. In a statement through NNPC spokesman, Kachikwu explained that the DSDP model was adopted to replace the crude oil swaps and OPAs, as well as introduce and embed transparency in the crude oil-for-product transactions by NNPC in line with standard practices. Kachikwu said under the old order, crude oil was exchanged for petroleum products through third party traders at a pre-determined yield pattern. He however noted that the DSDP option eliminates all the cost elements of middlemen and reduces gaps in the OPAs and the losses the NNPC incurred from it. The DSDP, he noted, would give other government agencies such as the Bureau of Public Procurement (BPP) and Nigeria Extractive Industry and Transparency Initiative (NEITI) the opportunity to be a part of the bid process for transparency.

What Kachikwu did not tell lawmakers was that the NNPC has launched a new kind of short-term swap contract, offering staggered allocations of crude to oil companies in return for immediate deliveries of refined products. Only now, the swaps involve oil majors, notably ExxonMobil, Total and BP. These oil majors have large quantities of gasoline and diesel unsold in Europe because of falling demand from the glut in oil prices. As a result, they prefer to dump it in Nigeria instead of paying for storage to stock it.

Beyond talk-shops and woolly statements, a more fruitful solution is for Sylva to put a fitting end to this national shame. Just for the records, the OPA deals pre-date the Jonathan administration. Like many other transactions in the oil sector, the OPA is a multi-billion dollar racket involving corruption that includes market fraud, price manipulation, and suboptimal returns on the part of NNPC officials and their collaborators have, in proportion, gone beyond the unconscionable to the outrageous. The swap regime is not just one of the terrible features of the corruption in Nigeria’s oil industry but also one that makes Nigeria and its people look stupid. But most Nigerians are not to blame; indeed they are, in terms of the economic and social costs, victims of a parasitic and deeply unpatriotic ruling elite determined to conduct public business only for self-interest. The new swap with the oil majors is the same sad, old story of mind-searing plundering perpetrated by scavengers, who in concert with International Oil Companies control NNPC  activities by proxy, and turn the corporation into a honey-pot through which Nigeria is milked dry.

An audit by the Nigeria Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (NEITI) stated that, from 2009-2012, the nation lost $8 billion owing to incompatibility in the value of domestic crude allocation (DCA) swapped and the refined product delivered. It is worth-recalling that the joint Senate committee investigating the fuel subsidy regime also indicted the NNPC of operating an illegal account in the United States, where it kept proceeds from the sale of crude oil before transferring same to the Federation Account. These reports corroborate findings by Pricewaterhouse Cooper, which identified structural irregularities bordering on outright fraud in its audit of the NNPC. Irregularities include double payment on petrol and kerosene subsidies, undervaluing of crude oil lifted, computation errors, subsidy over-claims, amongst others.

The implementation of the OPA has always been dubious. All right-thinking Nigerians wonder just why, unlike every other oil-producing country under the sun, Nigeria cannot, or chooses not to process and add value to the raw product in order to maximize its earnings. If Sylva is serious about sanitizing the oil sector, the logical point of departure is to end the oil swap contracts regime. The onus of proving doubters and cynics wrong lies on Sylva. Nigerians want to see transparency in the oil and gas sector. And this transparency comes with a two-fold burden: one of ensuring professional best practices and due diligence in dealing with IOCs; and the other of allegiance and patriotism toward the national cause.

In this regard, local content, in the true sense of the term, must be deepened. Certainly, the economic and social costs of oil sector corruption are holding Nigeria down. If Nigeria must extricate itself from the strangulation of the exploitative cabals that have held the country prostrate, Sylva must help Mr. President end this crude for refined product deals between the NNPC and selected trading companies. There will never be transparency in the oil sector and no prosperity for Nigeria until these corruption networks are dismantled to remove the anti-Nigerian, counter-productive primordial patronages. Then, and only then, will the oil sector serve Nigeria and its citizens.

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Since taking office, President Goodluck Jonathan has followed through on the ambitious plans laid out in his Transformation Agenda, delivering significant progress in areas including economic growth, security, infrastructure development, education, and healthcare provision. He has also put in place measures to enhance transparency and accountability across government.
Goodluck Jonathan became President of Nigeria at a very critical and challenging moment. Since taking office, he has implemented a process of overhaul and renewal of personnel and systems in the armed forces, security agencies and police as Nigeria’s military looks to meet the challenge of the new, unconventional and asymmetric challenges it now faces in the North East. Some of his specific efforts include creating a new Infantry Division of the Nigerian Army – headquartered in Maiduguri – with a mission to stamp out terrorism in the North-East; strengthening security cooperation with the international community; improving preventative measures to stop attacks before they happen; and implementing measures to eliminate the roots of extremism through long term social and economic development.
Since taking office, President Goodluck Jonathan has made remarkable progress in the development of critical sectors of the Nigerian economy, particularly agriculture, manufacturing, power and services. As a result of programmes implemented by President Jonathan – including the Community Service Scheme, Graduate Internship Scheme, Youth Enterprise with Innovation in Nigeria and the Subsidy Reinvestment and Empowerment Program – 1.6 million new jobs have been created. Under President Jonathan’s leadership, Nigeria also rebased its GDP, becoming the largest economy in Africa, and hosted the World Economic Forum on Africa, showcasing the country’s impressive economic growth to a global audience and attracting further foreign investment.
Since taking office, President Goodluck Jonathan has implemented substantial and wide ranging efforts to improve Nigeria’s infrastructure after years of neglect by previous administrations. His efforts have delivered tangible improvements for Nigerians across the country through road works, power sector reform, and improvements in water provision, amongst other areas. Some of his specific efforts include introducing SURE-P to generate unprecedented funding for vital infrastructure projects across Nigeria; privatizing the power sector and improving stability in electricity generation and distribution; increasing good and safe motorable length of Federal Roads from about 52% to nearly 85%; improving water supply by revitalizing the 12 River Basin Development Authorities (RBDAs) nationwide and building dams; and rehabilitating Nigeria’s rail network, getting trains back on the tracks and improving transport links.
President Goodluck Jonathan has led the fight to ensure that all Nigerians have access to a first class education, regardless of their background. Understanding that today’s students are tomorrow’s work force, President Jonathan has worked tirelessly to ensure that students are properly prepared for the industries that will drive Nigeria’s economy in the future. Under President Jonathan’s leadership 14 new universities have been established to improve access to higher education in the North and to ensure that students in all states have access to a Federal University, and the Safe Schools Initiative has been launched to ensure that young people are not only safe in going to school, but that schools are an environment ripe for learning, growth and development free of fear.
In a major departure from past approaches, agriculture is now being treated as a business, not a development program. Agricultural policy under President Jonathan has focused on assuring food security, reducing expenditure of foreign exchange on food imports, diversifying the economy, generating foreign trade and creating jobs. Under President Jonathan’s leadership, food production has increased by over 8 million metric tons, averting a predicted food crisis from flooding, and Nigeria is on the path towards self-sufficiency in rice production. President Jonathan has also revolutionized the way farmers receive farm inputs through the e-wallet system, which assures farmers receive subsidized agricultural inputs directly and prevents exploitation from middlemen and profiteers.
As President, Goodluck Jonathan has championed measures to create a health care system of which Nigerians can truly be proud. Under the President’s leadership, the Ministry of Health has made significant strides in the areas of infrastructural development, disease control and prevention, and immunisation, among others. Under President Jonathan’s leadership, the Federal Government quickly implemented a comprehensive plan to combat Ebola, containing the spread of the disease and earning praise from the international community. Over his first term, President Jonathan has also refurbished 1,500 primary healthcare facilities and providing them with essential drugs and recruited 11,300 frontline health workers who were deployed to under-served communities across the country.
Since taking office in the freest and fairest national election in Nigeria’s history, President Goodluck Jonathan has worked to further enhance democracy and freedom of expression in Nigeria. He reconstituted the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) and appointed as its chair, a highly respected university professor and human rights activist, Professor Attahiru Jega. He has also strengthened public watchdogs including the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) and actively fostered collaboration with human rights leaders and other civil society activists. And, he has fostered a competitive electoral system by refusing to deploy the instruments of federal power to determine outcomes of elections in Nigeria, as had been done by previous administrations.
Endemic corruption has long shackled economic and social development in Nigeria. President Goodluck Jonathan has made eliminating corruption a key priority for his administration. While there is still work to be done in this area, the President has made significant strides during his first term. Most notably, he has granted the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) prosecutorial independence from the Attorney General and Minister of Justice, restoring the integrity of this formerly beaten-down anti-graft agency. He has also enacted the Freedom of Information Act, thereby empowering the press and Nigerian citizens to scrutinize the actions of public officials and institutions. Under President Jonathan’s leadership, over N2.7 billion in fraud in the Pensions’ fund has been recovered and about 200 properties from corrupt public officials, including hotels and cash worth billions of naira, have been seized.
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Niger Delta youths back Akpabio, NDDC Interim Management Committee, warn detractors



Youths in the Niger Delta region on Tuesday extolled the sterling qualities of the Minister of the Niger Delta Affairs, Chief Godswill Akpabio, describing him as a man of honour.


Besides, the youths, under the aegis of Niger Delta Youth Movement (NDYM) praised the National Assembly for working with the Ministry of Niger Delta Affairs towards the realization of its objectives.


At a gathering in Calabar, the youths expressed delight and satisfaction with the high degree of determination so far exhibited by Senator Akpabio to move the Niger Delta region forward.


‘Senator Godswill Akpabio is a shining example, a model to all of us, of what service is all about. He has so far demonstrated an admirable commitment to doing everything possible to develop the Niger Delta region the youths said.


Addressing newsmen after their one day conference in Cross River State, Secretary General of NDYM, Dr. Raymond Umanah said the youths praised Akpabio for embracing the challenge of developing the region with a missionary zeal, restructuring the Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC) and reintroducing public accountability for the use of public resources.


‘’Senator Godswill Akpabio, a man of great organizational ability, has continued to carry himself with grace and dignity without compromising his integrity’’


The youths commended the growing unity and understanding among stakeholders in the region.


They youths emphasized national development, patriotism, transparency and accountability.


The youths also praised the Minister of the Niger Delta Affairs for tackling effectively impediments in the way of improving development in the region, pulling the Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC) back from the state of retrogression and giving the region the desired sense of purpose and direction.

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Lagos State Governor, Mr Babajide Sanwo-Olu has said the global Covid-19 pandemic has clearly underscored the need for the people to adopt a lifestyle of continuous re-strategizing and repositioning to keep up to speed with new realities.


The Governor, who spoke while declaring open a 2-day virtual training for members of the Committee of Wives of Lagos State Officials (COWLSO) on Protocol, Security and Etiquette, said the pandemic was a perfect pointer to the fact that people must be willing to constantly review, adjust and innovate to suit changing times.


According to him, “It is important that we keep re-strategizing and position ourselves for optimum performance in the future. It is important because life, as we used to know it, has been drastically altered and we need to adapt and innovate with the changing times and we can only do this effectively when we are willing to review, adjust and innovate to suit changing times, priorities and needs. In the new normal, this is an absolute must!”


He said it was particularly commendable that the COWLSO leadership did not allow the virus to slow down the activities of the Committee, saying that in itself, was made possible through innovation. 


“I must say that much of this year has gone by in a blur amidst the global Covid-19 pandemic that has ravaged much of the world, to date, with Lagos State and Nigeria at large, not being spared. We are, however, emerging slowly out of the perilous season, even though there is still so much we do not know about the virus or the rate of contagion.


“It is therefore apt and pleasing to note that this conference is being conducted virtually, a sign of our new season and times and it is the third in a series of the seminar organised for COWLSO members.


“I want to thank the First Lady, Lagos State, Dr. Mrs. Claudiana Ibijoke Sanwo-Olu and the wife of the Deputy Governor, Mrs Oluremi Hamzat for not allowing the pandemic to slow them down. They have taken advantage of the difficult times we face to educate members of the Committee,” the Governor said.


Speaking on the essence of the workshop, he said it was designed to enhance professional skills of COWLSO members in representational duties coupled with a solid and sufficient grasp of the security implication of state assignments, while supporting their spouses who hold key public positions.


“As spouses of the officials of the Lagos State Government, you all have very key important roles to play in shaping, influencing and communicating the policies and programmes of our administration. This can only be done when you have been properly equipped through training such as this.” Sanwo-Olu said.


He enjoined participants to make the best of the training to benefit the society, adding: “It is important to know that it is not about the position but how much we influence lives around us in our churches, mosques and our society generally for a better nation.”


Besides, the Governor expressed solidarity with COWLSO leadership and members as they plan for the 20th edition of the annual National Women’s Conference scheduled to hold between the 14th and 15th of October, 2020, just as he promised to extend the necessary support.


In her opening remarks, COWLSO Chairman and Lagos State First Lady, Dr. (Mrs.) Claudiana Ibijoke Sanwo-Olu said the training was in line with the vision of the founding mothers of the Committee towards training and retraining of members to complement their spouses in delivering good governance to the people.


“Our world and times are changing and so we too have to continuously do a needs assessment and improve ourselves. We need to be incident commanders at all times in the home, in the environment, state and nation.


“We need to bridge the gaps in communicating the ideals of the government to our people, be the listening ear, be the voice of the voiceless galvanizing the youths and women, caring for the aged, lifting each other up, teaching technology to the grassroot women in rural areas, having clean environment, better health facilities, improved learning techniques, having clearer and sharper communication skills, and defending the welfare of our state and country at all times,” the First Lady said.


Other topics to be discussed at the training include Financial Literacy, Crop Agriculture, Fish Farming, Health Awareness, Public Speaking, Law, Motivational Talk, Aerobics, among others.


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